Best 8 Places To Visit In Aswan

August 8, 2017

Travel & Leisure

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No part in the world can be compared by the beautiful city of Aswan; when you pay a visit to Aswan you will feel as you transferred to another planet while seeing the incomparable nature and landscape contributed by the Nile River. In the time of ancient Egyptian Aswan was known as “Sonw” which means “Market” where it was the trade center for caravans which came to Nubba, later on in the Ptolemy era it was known as “Sin” then called “Aswan” by Nubian people. Some called it “Gold City” because it was a great treasure or a tomb for Nubian kings who lived on its lands for thousands of years.

Aswan is a beautiful winter resort because of beautiful climate in the winter. It away of Cairo 899 Km and connected to by railway, land roads, Nile Cruises and domestic flights. The panoramic view of The Nile River in Aswan is distinguished by rocks and rounded islands surrounded by palms and plants in its heart. Enjoy walking on the wide Corniche of Aswan watching barks or having delicious meal in one of floating restaurants listening to Nubian Music and watching folkloric shows. You can also have a tour to the markets which are full of perfumes, spices and accessories stores.

The Best Places to visit in Aswan:

1. Kalabsha Temple

Kalabsha Temple back to the roman emperor Octavious August (30 B.C), it is one of the biggest sandstone temples in Nubba and was moved to its current position in 1970. The walls of the temple are covered by inscriptions of gods such as Isis and Osiris.

2. Temple & House of Ruler

It’s a rocky temple and one of five temples built by Ramses II in Nubba, it includes a courtyard, a hall and a chamber full of multi-colored inscriptions and Kings images in the battle.

3. Philae Temple

Relocated from its original place in Philae Island and combined in Angelika Island after building the High Dam. Today boats take visitors to “Angelika Island” where the current site of the temple and left them in the Hall of Nectanebo (the oldest part of Philae). In the north of the temple there is an outer hall surrounded by columns on the two sides to the gate of “Isis Temple”.

4. Abu Simbel Temple

It is a unique archeological site in the heart of mountain south of Aswan consists of two grand temples sculptured in the rocks. It was built by Ramses II in 1250 B.C, the front of the temple consists of grand four statues and Ramses II statue which height is (20m2). The gate of the temple leads to chambers which lengths are 180 feet. Inside the temple there are six statues, four dedicated to Ramses II and two for his favorite wife Nefrtari.

5. Philae Island

It’s a fortress along Egyptian southern borders separated the Nile into two adverse canals in Aswan.

6. Plants Island

It’s a garden nearby Philae Island full of unique plants and trees imported from all over the world.

7. Angelika Island

The place in which Philae Temple was combined 500 m2 away of the original Philae Island. Sound and Light Show is made there by different languages.

8. The High Dam

Before building it, villages on the Nile banks were drowned in the time of floods in addition to monuments but after building it saved these villages from floods and created a new mode of irrigation “organized irrigation” the matter which provides more than one cultivation season in Egypt and enabled cultivation throughout the year.

A Class Trip to Harpers Ferry, Historic Armory and Civil War Battlefield Near Washington D.C.

August 8, 2017

Travel & Leisure

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For those interested in studying the Civil War, a visit to Harpers Ferry will easily explain its critical geographical position. The natural boundary between north and south is the Potomac River. The Potomac River joins the Shenandoah River here, at the headwaters of the Shenandoah River Valley. During the Civil War, rail and ship transportation were key to supply chains for both armies. Harpers Ferry had both forms of transportation and was a strategic location between north and south. The Confederates were wooing Maryland residents to take up the Confederate side during the war and Harpers Ferry was a good position for this sort of public relations campaign.

A Short History of Harpers Ferry Before Civil War
The U.S. Armory and Arsenal was opened at Harpers Ferry in 1797. This facility produced over 600,000 muskets, rifles and pistols from 1707-1861. Harpers Ferry was also the first place in the U.S. to mechanize the production of weapons.

John Brown’s Raid
John Brown was an abolitionist with radical ideas about freeing slaves. He set out on the evening of October 16, 1859 to raid the U.S. Armory and Arsenal with the objective of seizing 100,000 weapons. These he planned to distribute to slaves to fight a guerilla war against slavery in the Shenandoah Valley. About a day and a half later, with Brown’s men killed or wounded, he was captured by the U.S. Marines. For his crimes of sedition against the country, he was hanged on December 2, 1859. John Brown’s Fort stands today as a memory of the raid, and the place where he was captured. It would take less than two years from the time of John Brown’s raid, and the country would be in a state of civil warfare.

Harpers Ferry During the Civil War
Confederate and Union soldiers passed through Harpers Ferry, making it a vulnerable location. Less than one day from the time Virginia seceded, Federal soldiers burned the armory n April 18, 1861. Yet only 15,000 weapons were burned, and Confederates were able to take the weapon making machinery into the South. The Confederates held Harpers Ferry until the Battle of Antietam concluded in 1862 then the Union reoccupied it . All together the town changed hands eight times between 1861 & 1865 – which illustrates its significance.

Harpers Ferry Jeopardy – Easy to Download and Play
To make it fun for students to prepare for a trip to Washington D.C. and Harpers Ferry, the National Park Service has a game (designed in Powerpoint) called Harpers Ferry Jeopardy. Another useful classroom teaching tool, The War for Freedom is designed for the student to gain a better understanding of slavery and emancipation. The War for Freedom includes intro text, teacher pages, learning activities and additional resources. Students can learn about slavery from the viewpoint of a slave and trace his or her journey to emancipation. Also documented in this section are actual stories of African American soldiers who fought hard for their freedom on different battlefields of the Civil War.

Middle School Lessons Plans for Social Studies Students
The National Park Service has designed a lesson geared towards 5th-8th graders that focuses specifically on Harpers Ferry. The Battle for Harpers Ferry, 1862: Harpers Ferry is the Key! includes four lesson plans that take 30-40 minutes to cover in the classroom. Students gain a better understanding of the strategic importance of Harpers Ferry for the Union and learn more about the life of a Civil War soldier.

With so many great classroom tools to work with, teachers will find it easier to help students understand the importance of Harpers Ferry during the Civil War era. They will also be able to tie this lesson into another about the Battle for Antietam. A real visit to Harpers Ferry will enable students to understand the geographic position of Harpers Ferry today and to view some of the historic sites where armies were situated. Harpers Ferry has sites and trails in three different states: West Virginia, Virginia and Maryland.

A Civil War Battle to Defend the Capital and Gateway to the North

August 8, 2017

Travel & Leisure

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Student groups studying the Civil War Battle of Antietam will find a visit to this historic place to be a beneficial learning experience. Named after a creek in Maryland near Sharpsburg, Antietam Creek once ran through farmland and forests. It was in this remote section of Maryland that General Robert E. Lee made his first incursion into the North and took a firm stand against the Union Army.

The fated day of the battle of Antietam was on September 17, 1862. This first battle in Maryland was traumatic, with 100,000 soldiers clashing. Over 23,000 soldiers were lost during the 12-hour battle of Antietam with casualties the heaviest on the Confederate side, around 15,000 soldiers. Although most people believe Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, in fact it was the Battle of Antietam.

Antietam was part of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s overall strategy of advancing his Army of Northern Virginia into the North. This would bring the Civil War to the Union territories. He hoped to inspire some to rethink their position on the Civil War altogether. In Maryland, the populace was divided as to allegiance to North or South. Lee sought to convince the slaveholders and propertied landowners of Maryland to join the Confederate cause.

Not far away, Washington D.C., the Union Capital city, needed to be defended. Lee’s first attempt to bring the battleground North was also seen as a mighty force being brought upon the nation’s capital. His invasion was answered with the full force of the Union Army.

General Robert E. Lee gathered his army on the western banks of Antietam Creek. Meanwhile, Stonewall Jackson’s troops held the left flank and General James Longstreet’s army held the center position for the Confederates. Human losses at Antietam were devastatingly large because the battle lasted over 12 hours. There were huge casualties on both sides. On September 18th, both armies carried the wounded away and buried their dead.

Lee and the Confederate Army took leave of Sharpsburg and Maryland altogether. They crossed the Potomac River back into Virginia, much to the relief of the Union soldiers and citizens of the North. This first decisive battle would leave its mark on Confederate and Union troops. It surely was a bold move by a General whose strategy was unique and took chances.

For the small town of Sharpsburg, Maryland this battle of the Civil War was a devastating blow. Properties were destroyed and crops were burned. Much was lost, including livestock and other food sources. Now the people of the North knew what it was like to live amongst battle torn countryside and ruins.

Students Travel to Battle Site to Learn More About Antietam
Prior to a planned class trip to Antietam National Battlefield, students will want to study this year in the Civil War that included other decisive battles. One such battle was for Harpers Ferry, which took place in tandem with Antietam. While Lee positioned troops on the northern front, Stonewall Jackson’s army took Harpers Ferry, a town that possessed a strategic railway station and a large munitions cache.

Another focus area of study may include an investigation into Lee’s strategy to bring the Confederate Army – and Civil War – North. By visiting Antietam, students can participate in the Parks as Classroom program and learn more about the background of the land, its people and the soldiers who fought there. At the Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center students can review historical photographs, sketches and paintings of the battlefields during Revolutionary times and tour the battlefields today to learn more about pivotal skirmishes during the battle.